McKenna had campaigned on requesting changes to the Accord, especially for protections for New Brunswick's linguistic duality, and demanded changes before passing the Accord in New Brunswick. Proponents of the Accord argued that the spending power provision gave provincial governments the flexibility to adapt shared-cost programs to meet their respective needs.
Under the Constitution Act ofthe provinces and the federal government were given joint or parallel jurisdiction over immigration, leading to a series of agreements on the settlement of new immigrants in Canada.
Had the Accord been implemented, this change would have effectively given Quebec and the remaining nine provinces veto power in key areas, since amendments in these areas could not be made without their consent. Do you agree with the description and the effects of that description that Morton and Knopff give to "governments made by discussion"?
Monahan, Patrick. Ratification To become law the Accord had to be ratified within three years by Parliament and the legislatures of all 10 provinces in accordance with s41 of the Constitution Act of As a result, all specialized matters such as changes to the Senate and the creation of new provinces came to require the unanimous consent of Parliament and the legislatures of the provinces.
They found in unconstitutional, thus "forcing" Quebec to use the notwithstanding clause and increasing tensions between ROC and Quebec during Meech Lake. Criticisms of the Meech Lake Accord were based on substance as well as process. Later, these were expanded to include issues such as the division of powers between federal and provincial governments, changes to national institutions such as the Senateand the entrenchment of rights in the Constitution.
He felt that the courts would only declare laws unconstitutional in absolutely clear contravention of the constitution. Since the early twentieth century, the federal government has used its spending power to establish social programs in areas that fall either wholly or partly under provincial jurisdiction, such as health care, social assistance, and pensions.